Middle East crisis — explained The conflict between Israel and Palestinians — and other groups in the Middle East — goes back decades. These stories provide context for current developments and the history that led up to them.
IDF fires artillery shells into Gaza as fighting between Israeli troops and Islamist Hamas militants continues on Oct. 12, 2023.
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Middle East crisis — explained

Republican Conference Chair Rep. Elise Stefanik, R-N.Y., questions Columbia University president Nemat Shafik during a House committee hearing on antisemitism in higher education last month. Mariam Zuhaib/AP hide caption

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Mariam Zuhaib/AP

Palestinians receive medical care at the European hospital in Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip on Friday. AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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AFP via Getty Images

A U.S. doctor in Gaza wants President Biden to know 'we are not safe'

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Benny Gantz speaks at the Pentagon in December 2021 in Arlington, Va. Gantz, a former army chief and current minister in Israel's three-member war cabinet, said he would quit the government in three weeks if Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu does not advance a plan to replace Hamas in Gaza. Alex Wong/Getty Images hide caption

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Alex Wong/Getty Images

The U.S. military finished installing the floating pier in Gaza on Thursday, with officials poised to begin ferrying badly needed humanitarian aid into the enclave besieged over seven months of intense fighting in the Israel-Hamas war. U.S. Central Command/AP hide caption

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U.S. Central Command/AP

The image provided by U.S, Central Command, shows U.S. Army soldiers, U.S. Navy sailors and Israel Defense Forces placing the Trident Pier on the coast of Gaza Strip on Thursday. AP hide caption

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AP

Israeli military spokesman Rear Adm. Daniel Hagari stands at the opening to a tunnel near the border with Israel on Dec. 15, 2023, northern Gaza Strip. The Israeli military said this was the largest tunnel they'd found yet in Gaza. Amir Levy/Getty Images hide caption

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Amir Levy/Getty Images

A woman mourns as she carries the shrouded body of a child killed following overnight Israeli strikes on Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip, on May 6. AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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AFP via Getty Images

An Israeli army soldier walks past a main battle tank stationed at a position near the border with the Gaza Strip in southern Israel on April 30. Menahem Kahana/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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Menahem Kahana/AFP via Getty Images

How Israel's military investigates itself in cases of possible wrongdoing

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Fourteen-year-old Mohammed Abu Samur found what he thought was a bottle of perfume or deodorant. He lost his left hand below the elbow, and all the fingers on his right hand. Anas Baba for NPR hide caption

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Anas Baba for NPR

Viewers in Tel Aviv gather to watch the joint Memorial Day ceremony honoring victims from all sides of the Israel-Hamas conflict. Daniel Estrin/NPR hide caption

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Daniel Estrin/NPR

Israelis and Palestinians held a joint memorial for all victims of the ongoing war

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A patient in European Gaza hospital this weekend — the last functioning hospital in Rafah. Staff placed an insect zapper above his bed to keep away the flies. Monica Johnston hide caption

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Monica Johnston

A Palestinian boy sits near the rubble of a residential building destroyed in an Israeli strike in Al-Zawayda in the central Gaza Strip on Saturday. AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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AFP via Getty Images

In Gaza, a hidden threat could kill Palestinians even after a cease-fire

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A Palestinian medic cares for babies born preterm at a hospital in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip on April 24. AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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AFP via Getty Images

U.S. medical volunteers in Rafah hospital say they've never seen a worse health crisis

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Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas addresses the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 23, 2022. The U.N. General Assembly has voted on a resolution to grant new "rights and privileges" to Palestine and call on the Security Council to favorably reconsider its request to become a member of the United Nations. Julia Nikhinson/AP hide caption

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Julia Nikhinson/AP

President Biden is seen at the White House on May 2. In an interview with CNN on Wednesday, Biden said he would halt some weapons shipments to Israel if Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu ordered a full invasion of Rafah. Kevin Dietsch/Getty Images hide caption

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Kevin Dietsch/Getty Images
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